Permanent Account Number (PAN)
Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a national and unique identification number, issued to all taxpayers of India whose income is taxable under the Indian Income Tax Act 1961. This unique alphanumeric combination is issued by the Indian Income Tax Department under the supervision of the Central Board for Direct Taxes (CBDT). The primary purpose of PAN is to prevent tax evasion by keeping a track of monetary transactions. The PAN is unique, national, and permanent. It is unaffected by a change of address, even between states. It is also an authentic and important ID proof. This number is required for many activities such as opening an account, getting a phone line, receiving salary or professional fees.
Structure and Validation
AN structure is as follows: AAAAA9999A: First five characters are letters, next 4 numerals, last character letter. Each assesse is uniquely identified by the PAN. If the PAN does not follow the above structure, then the PAN will be shown invalid The fourth character of the PAN must be one of the following, depending on the type of assesse: